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There are still many unexplored avenues in studying how thinking changes across religions and cultures. One of the limitations of all psychological research is that it is affected by the person doing the research, and an overwhelming majority of data that exists comes from people in the “WEIRD” countries – Western, Educated, Industrialized, and Democratic. The modern-day WEIRD cultures also show the historical marks of the battle between Protestantism and Catholicism for mass cultural influence. There are countless other cultural conflicts in other parts of the world, however, whose effects on thinking styles have yet to be studied.

Sinai and Synapses Fellowship alumni Connor Wood and Jonathan Morgan have continued to have a fruitful collaboration long after their respective cycles of the program have ended. Now they have contributed a chapter to a new book, “The New Reflectionism in Cognitive Psychology: Why Reason Matters,” published by Routledge and edited by Gordon Pennycook. Rabbi Geoff Mitelman spoke with them in a 40-minute interview, which will be published in parts throughout this week. In the transcript for the final part, “The WEIRDness of Studying Thinking,” below, they discuss the limitations of their research and their plans to expand its scope.

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